Further reading

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Alatas, Hussein Syed. Corruption and the destiny of Asia. Malaysia: Simon Schuster (Asia), 1999.

Andrew, C.F., The opium evil in India: Britain’s responsibility. London: Student Christian Movement, 1926.

Appaswamy, Paul, S. Guhan, R. Hema, Manabi Majumdar, A. Vaidyanathan. Social exclusion in respect of basic needs in India. In Social exclusion: rhetoric, reality responses. Geneva: International Labour Organization, 1995.

Aslam, A. Omar and B. K. Anthony. The role of the unani system in the management of drug abuse in Pakistan. Karachi: The Agha Khan University, 1994.

Bagley, B. and W. Walker (eds). Drug trafficking in the Americas. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 1994.

Beeching, Jack. The Chinese opium wars. New York: Harvest Books, 1975.

Bernardi, Lugi and Rossi. The state of the art regarding prevention. In Towards scientifically based prevention. Rome: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Centre, 1990.

Blum, R.H. Society and drugs. California: Jossey-Bass, 1969.

Boucaud, A. and L. Boucaud. Burma’s golden triangle. Bangkok: Asia Books, 1985.

Bourgois, P. In search of respect: selling crack in El Barrio. Cambridge, New York and Melbourne: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Brian, I. The forbidden game: a social history of drugs. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1975.

Britto, Gabriel. Policy perspectives for the management of drug abuse in India. Bombay: NARC, 1989.

Central Provinces Act. Report of the Committees appointed in 1927 to enquire into the consumption of opium in the towns of Nagpur and Jabbulpore and in the districts of Amraoti, Akola, Buldana, Wardha, Narshinghpur, and Balaghat. Nagpur: Central Provinces Government, 1929.

Charles, M., K.S. Nair and G. Britto. Drug culture in India: a street ethnographic study of heroin addiction in Bombay. New Delhi: Rawat Publishers, 1999.

Chien, I., D. Gerard, R. Lee and E. Rosenfeld. The road to H: narcotics, delinquency and social policy. New York: Basic Books, 1964.

Chopra, R.N. and I.C. Chopra. Drug addiction with special reference to India. New Delhi: Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1990.

Curra, John. Relativity of deviance. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2000.

Dwivedi, S. and R. Mehrotra. Bombay: the cities within. Bombay: Indian Book House, 1995.

Executive Intelligence Review. Dope inc. Boston bankers and Soviet commissars. New York: New Benjamin Franklin House Publishing Company, 1986.

Fabre, Guilhem. Prosperities of crime: drug trafficking, money laundering and financial destabilization during the post world war. Paris: UNESCO, 1999.

Farooqui, Amar. Smuggling as subversion – colonialism, Indian merchants and the politics of opium. New Delhi: New Age International, 1998.

Firestone, Thomas A. Mafia memoirs: what they tell us about organized crime. In Patrick Ryan and George Rush (ed.), Understanding organized crime in global perspective. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1997.

Gopalan, C. Report of the national committee on drug addiction. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Delhi: Kapoor Art Press, 1978.

Green, Timothy. The smuggling business. London: Aldus Books, 1977.

Hope. Rapid appraisal of drug abuse situation in Tamil Nadu. Banglore: Hope, 1994.

Husain, A. and J.K. Sharma. The opium poppy. Lucknow: Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, 1983.

Indian Hemp Drugs Commission. Report of the Indian hemp drugs commission. Simla: Government Central Printing Office, 1894.

International Labour Organisation. Final evaluation report on developing community based drug rehabilitation and workplace prevention programme. AD/IND/94/808. New Delhi, 2001.

Jerajani, R. Devadiga. Behaviour therapy. In Proceedings of the world conference on drug awareness. Bombay: Hope 88, 22-23 March 1988.

Khan, Mehdi Azeez. Shaping policy: do NGOs matter? lessons from India. Delhi: Society for Participatory Research in Asia, 1996.

Kumar, B.V. and R.K. Tewari. The narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances act – laws in India. New Delhi: Konark Publishers, 1989.

Lombardo, M. Robert. The social organization of crime in Chicago. In Patrick Ryan and George Rush (ed.), Understanding organized crime in global perspective. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1997.

Machado, Tanya. Culture and drug abuse in Asian settings: research for action. Bangalore: IFCU and St. John’s Medical College, 1994.

McCoy, A. The politics of heroin: CIA complicity in the global drug trade. New York: Lawrence Hill Books, 1991.

McCulloch, J.R. The first opium war placed in its proper light. In H.H. Sultzberger, All about opium. London: Wertheimer, Lea and Co, 1984.

McKeena, T. Food of the gods. United States: Bantam Books, 1993.

Mills, J. Underground empire. New York: Dell Publishing, 1987.

Mulder. Everyday life in Thailand – an interpretation. Bangkok: Reuen Kaaw Press, 1979.

Murthy, Pratima. Profile of heroin use. In South Asia drug demand reduction report. New Delhi: UNDCP Regional Office for South Asia, 1998.

Narcotics Control Bureau India – annual reports. Faridabad: Government of India, 1992-98.

NISD. A report of the SAARC workshop on ayurveda and homeopathic systems of medicine in treatment of drug addiction. New Delhi: National Institute of Social Defense, 1990.

Pandey, Bhanu Chandra. Rsis in ancient India. New Delhi: Sundeep Prakashan, 1987.

Pandey, V.N. Facilities and services under indigenous systems of medicine. In South Asia drug demand reduction report. New Delhi: UNDCP, ROSA, 1998.

Phongpaichit, P., et al. Patterns and processes of social exclusion in Thailand. In G. Rodgers (ed.), Social exclusion: rhetoric, reality, responses. Geneva: ILO, 1995.

Phongpaichit, P., S. Piriyarangsan and N. Treerat. Guns, girls, gambling, ganja: Thailand’s illegal economy and public policy. Chiang Mai, Thailand: Silkworm Books, 1998.

Ratnapala, Nandasena. Drug and narcotic dependence in Sri Lanka. Moratuwa: N. Ratnapala.

Ratnayake, Y. National dangerous drugs control board. Report of the Asian multi-city epidemiology study group meeting, Penang, November 1998.

Ray, R. Current extent and pattern of drug abuse. In South Asia drug demand reduction report. New Delhi: UNDCP Regional Office for South Asia, 1998.

Ray, R. Earlier era. In South Asia drug demand reduction report. Ibid., 1998.

Renner, C., Thomas, and Krisby Cecil. Mafia enforcer: a true story of life and death in the mob. New York: Boston Books, 1988.

Rubin, V. Cannabis and culture. The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1975.

Sahai Trust. Injecting drug use in Madras. Sahai Trust, 1995.

Shetty, H. Addiction to pharmaceutical drugs: an emerging trend. Paper presented at the federation of Indian NGOs for drug abuse prevention (FINGODAP). Pune: University of Pune, 1997.

Singh, D.R. Study of legal, administrative and procedural aspects of drug prevention laws in Bombay, Goa and Pune. Bombay: TISS, 1991.

Singh, H. Drug abuse: summaries of research studies sponsored by Ministry of Welfare. New Delhi: National Institute of Social Defence, 1992.

Smith, M.L. The connection between narcotics and development. ‘Link’, 20 February 1994.

Sri Lanka Police Narcotics Bureau. Annual report. Drug situation in Sri Lanka. Colombo: NDDCB, 1998.

Tart, Charles. Altered states of consciousness. New York: Harper Collins, 1990.

Tongue, Eva. Some theoretical and practical issues concerning primary prevention of drug abuse. In Towards scientifically based prevention. Italy: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Centre, 1990.

Tullis, L. Unintended consequences: illegal drugs and drug policies in nine countries. London: Lynne Riener Publishers, 1995.

Veen, Hans T. van der. The International Drug Complex. When the visible hand of crime fractures the strong arm of the law: Understanding the intertwined dynamics of international crime, law enforcement and the flourishing drug economy. Amsterdam: Center for Drug Research, 2000.

Waldorf, D., C. Reinarman and S. Murphy. Cocaine changes: the experience of using and quitting. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1991.

Wason, R.G. Soma: divine mushroom of immorality. New York: Harcour Brace Jovanovich, 1971.

Webb, Gary. Dark alliance – the CIA, the contras, and the crack cocaine explosion. New York: Seven Stories Press, 1999.

Young, Jack. The exclusive society. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1999.

Zinberg, N. Drug, set, and setting: the basis for controlled intoxicant use. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984.



A.G. Noorani. Rule of law and organised crime Maharashtra control of organised crime bill. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’: 1 May 1999.

Bang, Abhay T. and Rani Bang. Community participation in research and action against alcoholism. ‘World Health Forum’ 12: 1991: 104-109.

Bagley, B. The new hundred years war? U.S. national security and the war on drugs in Latin America. ‘Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs’ 30(1).

Charles, M. Drug trade in Himachal Pradesh – role of socio-economic changes. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’: 30 June -6 July 2001: 2433-2439.

Charles, M., E.J. Masihi, H.Y. Siddiqui, Joga Rao, H. D’lima, U. Mehta and G. Britto. Culture, drug abuse and some reflections on the family. ‘Bulletin on Narcotics’ XLVI(1): 1994: New York.

Das, Suranjan. The goondas – towards a reconstruction of the Calcutta underworld through police records. ‘Economic and Political Weekly’: 29 October 1994: 2877-2883.

Janakiramaiah, N., B.N. Gangadhar, Venkatesha Murthy, M.G. Harish, D.K. Subbakrishan and A. Vedamurthachar. Antidepressant efficacy of sudarshan kriya yoga (SKY) in melancholia: a randomized comparison with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and imipramine. ‘Journal of Affective Disorders’ 57: 2000: 255-259.

Mohan, D., M.G. Thomas and G.A. Prabhu. Prevelance of drug abuse in high school population. ‘Indian Journal of Psychiatry’ 20(2): 1978.

Nadelmann, E.A. and D.T. Courtwright. Should we legalise drugs? ‘American Heritage’: February-March 1993.

Odegard, E. Legality and legitimacy – on attitude to drugs and social sanctions. ‘British Journal of Criminology’ 35(4): 1995: 525-542.

Ranaganathan, S. The Manjakkudi experience: a camp approach towards treating alcoholics. ‘Addiction’ 89: 1994: 1071-1075.

Rao, V., A. Rao, A. Sugumar and C. Neelambaradharan. Drug addiction – a report from Madurai. ‘Indian Journal of Psychiatry’ 20: 1978: 310-317.

Shukla, K.S. Adolescent thieves and differential association. ‘Sociological Bulletin’ 25(1): March 1976.

Singh, Narayan Manakalo. Camp approach treatment of drug addicts. ‘Afeem Mukti’ 6, 1986. Jodhpur: Opium De-addition, Treatment, Training, Research Trust.

Van Vlient, H.J. Seperation of drug markets and the normalisation of drug problem in the Netherlands: an example for other nations. ‘Journal of Drug Issues’ 20(3): 1990: 463-471.

Verma, V.K. Non-medical use of drugs amongst school and college students. ‘Indian Journal of Psychiatry’ 21: 228: 1979.

White, Peter T. The poppy. ‘National Geographic’: February 1985.

Whynes, D. Illicit drug production and supply-side drug policy in Asia and South America. ‘Development and Change’ 22: 1991: 475-496.

Zimmer, Lynn and Morgan P. John. Marijuana myths marijuana facts – a review of scientific evidence. New York: The Lindesmith Center, 1997.


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